policyd-weight.conf - policyd-weight configuration parameters
Beta, Documentation incomplete
policyd-weight uses a perl(1) style configuration file which it reads
on startup. The cache re-reads the configuration after $MAINTE-
NANCE_LEVEL (default: 5) queries. If -f is not specified, it searches
for configuration files on following locations:
$CACHESIZE (default: 2000)
Set the minimum size of the SPAM cache.
$CACHEMAXSIZE (default: 4000)
Set the maximum size of the SPAM cache.
(default: 550 temporarily blocked because of previous errors)"
Set the SMTP status code and a explanatory message for rejected
mails due to cached results
$NTTL (default: 1)
The client is penalized for that many retries.
$NTIME (default: 30)
The $NTTL counter will only be decremented if the client waits
at least $NTIME seconds.
$POSCACHESIZE (default: 1000)
Set the minimum size of the HAM cache.
$POSCACHEMAXSIZE (default: 2000)
Set the maximum size of the HAM cache.
$PTTL (default: 60)
After that many queries the HAM entry must succeed one run
through the RBL checks again.
$PTIME (default: 3h)
after $PTIME in HAM Cache the client must pass one time the RBL
checks again. Values must be nonfractal. Accepted time-units:
s(econds), m(inutes), h(ours), d(ays)
$TEMP_PTIME (default: 1d)
The client must pass this time the RBL checks in order to be
listed as hard-HAM. After this time the client will pass immedi-
ately for PTTL within PTIME. Values must be non-fractal.
Accepted time-units: s(econds), m(inutes), h(ours), d(ays)
$DEBUG (default: 0)
Turn debugging on (1) or off (0)
$DNS_RETRIES (default: 2)
How many times a single DNS query may be repeated
$DNS_RETRY_IVAL (default: 2)
Retry a query without response after that many seconds
$MAXDNSERR (default: 3)
If that many queries fail, the mail is accepted with $MAXDNSER-
In total DNS queries this means: $MAXDNSERR * $DNS_RETRIES
$MAINTENANCE_LEVEL (default: 5)
After that many policy requests the cache (and in daemon mode
childs) checks for configuration file changes
$MAXIDLECACHE (default: 60)
After that many seconds of being idle the cache checks for con-
figuration file changes.
$PIDFILE (default: /var/run/policyd-weight.pid)
Path and filename to store the master pid (daemon mode)
$LOCKPATH (default: /tmp/.policyd-weight/)
Directory where policyd-weight stores sockets and lock-
files/directories. Its argument must contain a trailing slash.
$SPATH (default: $LOCKPATH.'/polw.sock')
Path and filename which the cache has to use for communication.
$TCP_PORT (default: 12525)
TCP port on which the policy server listens (daemon mode)
$BIND_ADDRESS (default: '127.0.0.1')
IP Address on which policyd-weight binds. Currently either only
one or all IPs are supported. Specify 'all' if you want to lis-
ten on all IPs.
$SOMAXCONN (default: 1024)
Maximum connections which policyd-weight accepts. This is set
high enough to cover most scenarios.
$USER (default: polw)
Set the user under which policyd-weight runs
$GROUP (default: $USER)
Set the group under which policyd-weight runs
OUTPUT AND LOG SETTINGS
$ADD_X_HEADER (default: 1)
Insert a X-policyd-weight: header with evaluation messages.
1 = on, 0 = off
$LOG_BAD_RBL_ONLY (default: 1)
Insert only RBL results in logging strings if the RBL score
changes the overall score. Thus RBLs with a GOOD SCORE of 0
don't appear in logging strings if the RBL returned no BAD hit.
1 = on, 0 = off
$MAXDNSBLMSG (default: 550 Your MTA is listed in too many DNSBLs)
The message sent to the client if it was reject due to $MAXDNS-
BLHITS and/or $MAXDNSBLSCORE.
$REJECTMSG (default: 550 Mail appeared to be SPAM or forged. Ask your
Mail/DNS-Adminisrator to correct HELO and DNS MX settings or to get
removed from DNSBLs)
Set the SMTP status code for rejected mails and a message why
the action was taken
RESOURCE AND OPTIMIZATIONS
$CHILDIDLE (default: 120)
How many seconds a child may be idle before it dies (daemon
$MAX_PROC (default: 50)
Process limit on how many processes policyd-weight will spawn
$MIN_PROC (default: 2)
Minimum childs which are kept alive in idle times (daemon mode)
$PUDP (default: 0)
Set persistent UDP connections used for DNS queries on (1) or
Positive values indicate a bad (SPAM) score, negative values indicate a
good (HAM) score.
@bogus_mx_score (2.1, 0)
If the sender domain has neither MX nor A records or these
records resolve to a bogus IP-Address (for instance private net-
works) then this check asigns the full score of bogus_mx_score.
If there is no MX but an A record of the sender domain then it
receives a penalty only if DNSBL-listed.
The sender A and MX records are bogus or empty.
The sender domain has an empty or bogus MX record and the
client is DNSBL listed.
 Address Allocation for Private Internets
 Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (Sect 3.6 and Sect 5)
@client_ip_eq_helo_score (1.5, -1.25)
Define scores for the match of the reverse record (hostname)
against the HELO argument. Reverse lookups are done, if the for-
ward lookups failed and are not trusted.
The Client's PTR matched the HELO argument.
Domain portions of Client PTR and HELO argument matched.
Client PTRs found but did not match HELO argument.
@helo_score (1.5, -2)
Define scores for the match of the Client IP and its /24 subnet
against the A records of HELO or MAIL FROM domain/host. It also
holds the bad score for MX verifications.
Client IP matches the [IPv4] HELO.
Client IP matches the A record of the MAIL FROM sender
Client IP matches the A record of the HELO argument.
The IP and the /24 subnet did not match A/MX records of
HELO and MAIL FROM arguments and their subdomains.
@helo_from_mx_eq_ip_score (1.5, -3.1)
Define scores for the match of Client IP against MX records.
Positive (SPAM) values are used in case the MAIL FROM matches
not the HELO argument AND the client seems to be dynamic AND the
client is no MX for HELO and MAIL FROM arguments. The total
DNSBL score is added to its bad score.
Client IP matches the MAIL FROM domain/host MX record
Client IP matches the HELO domain/host MX record
Client is not a verified HELO and doesn't match A/MX records
of MAIL FROM argument
Client's subnet does not match A/MX records of the MAIL FROM
$dnsbl_checks_only (default: 0)
Disable HELO/RHSBL verifications and the like. Do only RBL
1 = on, 0 = off
@dnsbl_score (default: see below)
A list of RBLs to be checked. If you want that a host is not
being evaluated any further if it is listed on several lists or
a very trustworthy list you can control a immediate REJECT with
$MAXDNSBLHITS and/or $MAXDNSBLSCORE. A list of RBLs must be
build as follows:
@dnsbl_score = (
RBLHOST1, HIT SCORE, MISS SCORE, LOG NAME,
RBLHOST2, HIT SCORE, MISS SCORE, LOG NAME,
The default is:
@dnsbl_score = (
"pbl.spamhaus.org", 3.25, 0, "DYN_PBL_SPAMHAUS",
"dnsbl.njabl.org", 4.25, -1.5, "BL_NJABL",
"bl.spamcop.net", 1.75, -1.5, "SPAMCOP",
"sbl-xbl.spamhaus.org", 4.35, -1.5, "SBL_XBL_SPAMHAUS",
"list.dsbl.org", 4.35, 0, "DSBL_ORG",
"ix.dnsbl.manitu.net", 4.35, 0, "IX_MANITU",
"relays.ordb.org", 3.25, 0, "ORDB_ORG"
@rhsbl_score (default: see below)
Define a list of RHSBL host which are queried for the sender
domain. Results get additionaly scores of 0.5 * DNSBL results
and @rhsbl_penalty_score. A list of RHSBL hosts to be queried
must be build as follows:
@rhsbl_score = (
RHSBLHOST1, HIT SCORE, MISS SCORE, LOG NAME,
RHSBLHOST2, HIT SCORE, MISS SCORE, LOG NAME,
The default is:
@rhsbl_score = (
"rhsbl.ahbl.org", 1.8, 0, "AHBL",
"dsn.rfc-ignorant.org", 3.2, 0, "DSN_RFCI",
"postmaster.rfc-ignorant.org", 1 , 0, "PM_RFCI",
"abuse.rfc-ignorant.org", 1, 0, "ABUSE_RFCI"
@rhsbl_penalty_score (3.1, 0)
This score will be added to each RHSBL hit if following crite-
rias are met:
Sender has a random local-part (i.e. firstname.lastname@example.org)
or MX records of sender domain are bogus
or FROM matches not HELO
or HELO is untrusted (Forward record matched, reverse record
did not match)
$MAXDNSBLHITS (default: 2)
If the client is listed in more than $MAXDNSBLHITS RBLs it will
be rejected immediately with $MAXDNSBLMSG and without further
evaluation. Results are cached by default.
$MAXDNSBLSCORE (default: 8)
If the BAD SCOREs of @dnsbl_score listed RBLs reach a level
greater than $MAXDNSBLSCORE the client will be rejected immedi-
ately with $MAXDNSBLMSG and without further evaluation. Results
are cached by default.
$REJECTLEVEL (default: 1)
Score results equal or greater than this level will be rejected
policyd-weight(8), Policyd-weight daemon
perl(1), Practical Extraction and Report Language
perlsyn(1), Perl syntax
access(5), Postfix SMTP access control table
GNU General Public License
Robert Felber <email@example.com>
Autohaus Erich Kuttendreier
81827 Munich, Germany
Aug 25th, 2006 policyd-weight.conf(5)
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